If you’re new to exercise, you’ve probably heard about interval training (HIIT), a method of training that has you pushing out of your comfort zone for a certain period of time and then recovering.
What’s great about interval training is that there are a variety of ways to do it. More advanced exercisers can work at a very high intensity, but you can also get a big bang-for-buck with simple exercises suitable for all fitness levels.
The reason interval training is so popular is that working at higher levels of intensity helps you build endurance more quickly and it helps you burn more calories, which is great for weight loss.
Not only that, but it makes your workout more interesting. Instead of going at the same pace for the entire workout, you mix things up which can make the workout seem shorter than it really is.
Beginner Interval Training
You may be wondering whether you can do interval training if you’re not a veteran exerciser, and the answer is yes. Beginners can get a lot out of interval training.
Not only can you switch up your workouts, making them a little more fun, but you also give your body a chance to get used to working just a little harder and build some character—something mostly needed in these times of uncertainty.
The upshot is, you only work hard for a very short period of time, making it a more comfortable workout. That’s much better than slogging through a long workout (who’s got time for that) or, on the other hand, trying to work at a high intensity for the length of your workout, passing out halfway through.
The following exercises are a great place to start if you’re a beginner. The following 7 exercises, pasted together, make a 21-minute long workout and include work intervals that will push you just a bit out of your comfort zone.
That means you won’t be breathless or miserable. You will simply be pushing yourself just a bit—the perfect way to build a strong cardio foundation for getting healthy and losing weight.
The workout is totally bodyweight and only needs a chair or a couch, so there’s really no excuse not to get it done.
Perform as many repetitions as you can for each exercise in the proposed order over 30”, rest sitting or laying on the floor for 60”, and repeat with the following exercise.
HIIT workout depending on how good you feel at the end of round 2.
7 Exercise Selections
Here are the 7 beginner interval training exercises you can try.
1. Jumping Jacks
That’s right. This old-school warm-up is an effective form of cardio. The primary benefit of doing jumping jacks is that it elevates your heart rate. You breathe more deeply while jumping, which delivers oxygen to your bloodstream and ultimately to your muscles.
In addition, you will also shake your lymphatic system and burn fat at a rapid rate, promoting weight loss.
2. Mountain Climbers
Mountain climbers might win the award for most travel-friendly interval training exercise because they require no equipment and take up hardly any space. On the flip side, they also deserve some recognition for being super challenging.
The MC works the core, hip flexors, arms, shoulders, and lower back—literally a full-body movement. Make sure you don’t overarch your back and maintain enough space between your hands and feet to have your trunk parallel to the ground.
Basic yet effective, squats remain the king of bodyweight exercises when it comes to improving mobility and strength.
Make sure to keep your head up, chest nicely open at all times, and feet firmly pressed through the heels on the ground. Ideally, your glutes should go below your knees during the descending phase. But don’t worry if you can’t get so low just yet, it will improve with practice.
Push-ups are a total body exercise that is easily modified and can be made to be very challenging, from the total beginner to the most avid exerciser.
To make pushups easier, elevate your hands on a bench, couch, counter-top, or against a wall.
To make push-ups more difficult, elevate your feet. The higher the angle (with your hands on the ground), the more of your bodyweight you support. Also, you can increase the range of motion by elevating your hands on books, push up handles, or something similar.
Aim to nearly touching the ground with your chest first, keeping your head high and chin tucked. This will avoid straining your neck and improve arms and chest muscle engagement.
5. Backward/Reverse Lunges
This modified version of the classic lunge simply involves taking a big step backward, balancing on your front foot.
This interval training exercise increases the engagement of the hamstrings and glutes muscles (back of the leg) versus the quads muscles (front of the thigh). This is especially useful for people with a sitting job because the back-leg muscles become stiff and weak due to the constant sitting and need to be “reactivated”.
This exercise requires balance, so it’s best performed with a mat in between your feet or over a carpet to avoid hitting your knee on the floor too violently.
As a beginner, you should always touch the ground with your back knee and pause for a second to avoid straining a muscle or a tendon. Pausing for a second will help you avoid using momentum and engage the correct muscles during the ascension phase of the exercise.
6. Elevated Hip Thrust
The hip thrust is another move useful to target dormant muscles like glutes and hamstrings. To perform this exercise, you only need a chair or a couch.
Lie face-up on the floor with your knees bent and your feet on a bench or box. Raise your hips until your body forms a straight line from your shoulders to your knees, then slowly lower to the starting position.
If this feels too easy, you can try to hold the tension for 2″ at the top of the movement, aggressively squeezing your glutes against each other. Imagine you have a pencil stuck in between your buttocks and you want to crack it in two (not a pretty picture I know, but it givers you the idea).
We put this at the end since it’s the hardest one of all. No cardio and interval training compilation would be complete without burpees. They challenge every part of your body and send your heart rate soaring in no time. All this adds up to an exercise that burns about 10 calories per minute.
Assuming you’re doing between 10 and 20 repetitions every minute, this is one of the best fat burning exercises out there. You can torch even more calories by upping the pace. Just make sure you don’t let your form suffer!
If normal burpees give you pain in the lower back or they’re simply too hard (you can’t do more than 3 in a 30″ interval), just skip them all at once and come back to them when your fitness is improved.
Interval training is a great way to maintain fitness during these trying times. One of the best parts about it is that you can set your own pace and speed of progress.
Practice this routine a few times per week, focusing firstly on form and secondly, on speed. Burning a few extra calories from doing 2 more reps won’t be very useful if you pull a muscle and have to take a few weeks off exercise.
More Exercise Routines for Beginners
Burnout at work is an issue that most people who suffer from it, suffer unknowingly.
Have you ever felt that you can’t start an assignment, have an immense urge to Netflix binge, or couldn’t get yourself to wake up on time even though you have a lot on your plate? The cause for these might be burnout.
According to Deloitte’s report, “many companies may not be doing enough to minimize burnout.” This is to say that the responsibility is not only on the employee. According to that report, nearly 70 percent of professionals feel their employers are not doing enough to prevent or alleviate burnout within their organization, and they definitely should.
Too many companies don’t invest enough in creating a positive environment. One out of five (21%) said that their company does not offer any programs or initiatives to prevent or alleviate burnout. It is the culture, not the fancy well-being programs that would probably do the best work.
This is a significant problem for individuals and companies, and it’s also an issue on a macro level. A Stanford University research found that more than 120,000 deaths per year, and approximately 5%–8% of annual healthcare costs, are associated with the way U.S. companies manage their workforces.
It is both the employee and the employer’s responsibility—and the latter can certainly take more responsibility.
In this article, I’ll guide you on how to know if you suffer from burnout and, more importantly, what you can do about it.
Table of Contents
Who Are Prone to Burning Out?
For starters, it is a good thing to know that you’re in good company. According to a Gallup poll, 23% (of 7,500 surveyed) expressed burnout more often than not. Additionally, 44% felt it sometimes. Nearly 50% of social entrepreneurs who attended the World Economic Forum’s Annual Meeting in 2018 reported having struggled with burnout and depression at some point.
According to Statista (2017), 13% of adults reported having problems unwinding in the evenings and weekends. According to a Deloitte survey (consisting of 1,000 full-time U.S. employees), 77% of respondents said that they have experienced employee burnout at their current job.
Burnout is not only an issue of the spoiled first-world. Rather, it is a serious matter that must be taken care of appropriately. It affects so many people, and its impacts are just too significant to be ignored.
Some occupations are more prone to burnout, such as people who deeply care about their jobs more than others. According to the Harvard Business Review, “Passion-driven and caregiving roles such as doctors and nurses are some of the most susceptible to burnout.”
The consequences can have life or death ramifications as “suicide rates among caregivers are dramatically higher than that of the general public—40% higher for men and 130% higher for women”. It is also the case for teachers, non-profit workers, and leaders of all kinds.
Deloitte’s survey also found that 91% say that they have an unmanageable amount of stress or frustration. Heck, 83% even say that it can negatively impact their relationships. Millennials are slightly more impacted by burnout (84% of Gen Y vs. 77% in other generations).
What Is Burnout Syndrome?
So, what is it, exactly? Burnout was officially included in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) and is an occupational phenomenon.
According to the World Health Organization, burnout includes three dimensions:
- Feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion;
- Increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one’s job;
- Reduced professional efficacy.
The 5 Stages of Burnout
At this point, you must have a clue if you’re at risk of burnout. There are different methods for understanding where you are on the burnout syndrome scale, and one of the most common ones is the “five stages method.”
1. Honeymoon Phase
As you may remember If you’ve gotten married, there’s always the honeymoon phase. You’re so happy and feel almost invincible. You love your spouse and at this stage, you’re very excited about everything. It’s the same when it comes to taking on a new job or role or starting a new business.
At first, most of the time, you’re hyper-motivated. Although you might be able to notice signs of potential future burnout, in most cases, you might ignore them. You’re highly productive, super motivated, creative, and accept (and take) responsibility.
The honeymoon phase is critical because if you plant the seeds of good mental health and coping strategies, you can stay at this phase for extended periods.
2. Onset of Stress
Let’s continue with the wedding metaphor. Now that you’re happily married for some time, you might start noticing certain issues with your spouse that you don’t like. You might have seen them before, but now they take up more space in your life.
You might be less optimistic and feel signs of stress or minor symptoms of physical or emotional fatigue at work. Your productivity reduces, and you think that your motivation is lower.
3. Chronic Stress
Let’s hope you don’t get there in your marriage, but unfortunately, some people get there. At this stage, your stress level is consistently high, and the other symptoms of stage 2 persist.
At this point, you start missing deadlines, your sleep quality is low, and you’re resentful and cynical. Your caffeine consumption might be higher, and you’re increasingly unsatisfied.
This is the point where you can’t go on unless there is a significant change in your workspace environment. You have a strong desire to move to another place, and clinical intervention is sometimes required.
You feel neglected, your physical symptoms are increasing, and you get to a place where your stomach hurts daily. You might obsess over problems in your life or work and, generally speaking, you should treat yourself.
5. Habitual Burnout
This is the phase in which burnout is embedded in your life. You might experience chest pains or difficulty breathing, outbursts of anger or apathy, and physical symptoms of chronic fatigue.
The Causes of Burnout
So, now that we know how to identify our stage of burnout, we can move on to tackling its leading causes. According to the Gallup survey, the top burnout reasons are:
- Getting unfair treatment at work – This is not always something that you can fully control. At the same time, you should remember that even if you’re not calling the shots, it doesn’t mean that you have to accept unfair treatment. The consequences mentioned above are just not worth it in most cases.
- Workload – Another leading cause of stress according to dozens of interviews conducted before writing the article. According to Statista, in 2017, 39% of workers said a heavy workload was their leading cause of stress. We live in a busy work environment, and we will share some tips on how to manage that.
- Not knowing your role – While not something you can fully control, you can, and probably should, take action to better define it with your boss.
- Inadequate communication and support from your manager – Like the others above, you can’t fully control that, but as we’ll soon share, you can take action to be in better control.
- Time pressure – As mentioned, motivated, passionate workers are more in danger of experiencing burnout. One of the reasons is that they’re pressuring themselves to do more, sometimes at the expense of their mental health. We’ll address how to work on that as well.
How to Overcome a Burnout
After going over the stages of burnout and the leading causes of becoming burned out, it might be a good time to let you know that there is a lot you can do to fight it head-on.
However, let’s start with what you should not do. Burnout cannot be fixed by going on a vacation. It should be a long-term solution, implemented daily.
According to Clockify (2019), these are the popular ways to avoid burnout:
- Focus on your family life – 60% of adults said that stable family life is key to avoiding burnout. Maintaining meaningful relationships in your life is proven to reduce stress (instead of having many unmeaningful relationships).
- Exercising comes in second, with 58% reporting that jogging, running, or doing any exercise significantly relieves stress. Even a relatively short walk might improve your body’s resilience to stress.
- Seek professional advice – 55% say they would turn to a professional. There are online websites where you can speak with professionals at reduced costs.
Aside from the three most popular ways of avoiding burnout, you can also try the following:
1. Improve Time Management
Try understanding how you can use your time better and leave more time for relaxation. That’s easy to say (or write) but more challenging to implement. It would help if you started by prioritizing yourself. Understanding the connection between your values and your everyday tasks is a tremendous help. You can use proven methods to improve the relationship between your vision and goals to your daily life tasks’ lists. Check out the Horizons of Focus or V2MOM methods to get started.
2. Use the P.L.E.A.S.E. Method
The P.L.E.A.S.E. is a combination of things you should do to be at your best physically. It means Physical Illness (P.L.) prevention, Eat healthy (E), Avoid mood-altering drugs (A), Sleep well (S), and Exercise (E).
You don’t have to say yes to everything that comes across your way at work (or in other aspects of life). You’d be surprised how easy it can become once you start saying no. Some might even describe it as exhilarating.
4. Let Your Brain rest
Culturally, most of us are already wired to think that hard work is essential, and while that’s true in most cases, we sometimes forget that our brain needs to rest for it to recharge. Seven hours of sleep are essential (depending on your age). Meditation might be helpful, too.
5. Pay Attention to Positive Events
According to Therapistaid.com, we tend to focus on the bad things in our lives. However, by focusing on positive things, we can change our mindset. One way to practice this daily is by writing three good things about your life every morning or evening. It’s been scientifically proven that doing so for a few months can help rewire your brain.
6. Take Some “You” Time
A Netflix binge is not always good for you, but it might be in some cases. The better the leisure time is, the better you’ll feel in the long term. It’s usually better to read a book or start a new hobby that requires more cognitive skills than just lying on the couch. But as long as you feel good watching a movie, that might be a good start.
7. New Technologies Might Be Helpful
There are tons of self-help apps such as Fabulous, Headspace (meditation), Noom (diet and exercise), and others. They’re good to use, but you should also be careful not to run away from your problems only to watch social media for hours. It’s not real, and no one’s life is perfect (even if their Facebook or Instagram feeds might seem so). You should also be aware not to be in an “always-on” mindset.
Whether you’re at the first or the fifth stage of the burnout phases, the goal of this article is to show you that there are always ways to fight it. The first thing is self-awareness—knowing that there’s a problem. The second step is to decide what to do about it.
You can also consider using Lifehack’s community. You’re more than welcome to share your burnout story on our Facebook page.
Bonus: Rebound from Burnout in 8 Hours
Watch what you can do to rebound from burnout quickly in this episode of The Lifehack Show: